*Scroll down for Reading Resources

There are three principles of reading instruction for all children:
  1. Teach phonemic awareness and phonics explicitly, systematically, and early (kindergarten and grade1).
  2. Provide frequent opportunities for guided, oral reading.
  3. Teach vocabulary and a variety of strategies for comprehension.

When teaching at-risk children to read, you must:
  • Teach phonemic awareness skills early.
  • Teach sound-spelling associations explicitly and in a careful sequence.
  • Teach sounding out and blending directly.
  • Use decodeable text for practice.
  • Read good literature to students for language comprehension.

Principles of remediation for students with persistent problems learning to read:
  • Base instruction on assessment
  • Use systematic, cumulative, explicit, direct, and multi-sensory instruction
  • Use guided discovery and guided practice
  • Teach for mastery and automaticity

Reading Assessment


Think of assessment as the asking of questions.

Three general questions to keep in mind:
  1. Can the child understand oral language?
  2. Can the child decode text fluently and automatically?
  3. Does the child understand the strategies involved in the comprehension of the written text?

Use the "big 5" to guide assessment
  • phonemic awareness
  • phonics
  • vocabulary
  • fluency
  • comprehension

To learn more about the different components, review the following PowerPoint slides:

Component
PowerPoint
Phonological Awareness

Phonics

Fluency

Vocabulary

Comprehension



Researched Based Reading Programs
  • Direct, Explicit and Systematic
  • Differentiated materials that address the needs of the students
  • Flexible Grouping based on assessments
  • Address the Big 5 Components of Reading

To learn more, review the following documents:


Topic
Document
Conversion Guide for Leveled Text

Strategies for Helping Struggling Readers

Leveling Chart

Glossary of Reading Terms

Reading Skill Sheet

Guide to Analyzing a Core Reading Program: Grades: K-3

Planning and Evaluation Tool for Effective School-wide Reading Programs (Adolescents)


Reading Resources
Some resources (not a limited list) of things that you can use to provide instructional interventions include:

Resources/Programs
Areas
Description
Publisher/
Company
Cost
Phonemic
Awareness
Phonics
Fluency
Vocabulary
Comprehension
General
Florida Center for Reading Research
X
X
X
X
X
X
www.fcrr.org (click on “Instructional materials for Teachers”) The website provides a wealth of research-based center activities for teaching literacy. The focus of the activities is for grades K-5. However, the activities can be used for middle school students who are struggling with a below grade level area. Each activity provides an objective, materials needed (including masters for duplicating), description of the activity, and extensions and adaptations.
Website
Free
*Intervention Central

X
X

X

www.interventioncentral.org (click on academic resources) Intervention Central provides a variety of researched-based intervention resources.
Website
Free
Sounds in Action: Pholological Awareness Activities and Assessment
Author: Yvette Zgone
X





Book of activities and assessments dealing with phonological awareness. The focus of the activities is for grades K-2. However, the activities can be used for older students who are struggling with a below grade level area.
Crystal
Springs
Books
$$
*Phonics Dance (program)
X
X




The Phonics Dance is a quick & easy way for primary grade educators to teach phonics & increase the reading & writing skills of each & every student. The six-step program offers learning through cost free strategies that incorporate rhyme, movement & chant. Building on phonemic awareness, students become confident, successful writers. In the process they develop strong decoding skills through the use of “hunking & chunking” to build poise & fluency in reading.
Phonics Dance
$$
*One-Minute Academic Functional Assessment and Interventions
Author: Joe Witt & Ray Beck





X
Provides a functional assessment procedure designed to help teachers determine if the student CAN’T DO IT…OR WON’T DO IT. Then helps to link assessment data with interventions
Sopris West
$$
*RtI Intervention Manual
X
X
X
X
X

A compilation of collected interventions that are represented through various levels of intensity and categories
PDF
File

Free
READ 180





X
A comprehensive reading intervention program designed to meet the needs of struggling readers in transitional Grades 3-12. The program directly addresses individual needs through differentiated instruction, adaptive and instructional software, high-interest literature and non-fiction, and direct instruction in reading, writing, and vocabulary skills. The software analyzes, monitors, tracks, & reports on student accuracy, noting not only incorrect answers, but also the types of errors made and the time of the response. According to how the student performs, the software continually adjusts instruction offering students immediate feedback.
Scholastic
$$
The Savvy Teacher's Guide: Reading Interventions that Work




X
X
Provides techniques that promote Error Correction, Reading Fluency, Text Comprehension
Intervention Central

Free
Critical Reading Deep Reading Strategies for Expository Texts: Teacher Guide 7-12




X

This guide contains the AVID critical reading strategies. There should be copies located in all 6-12 schools.
AVID
$$