The following PowerPoint and PDFs can be used to help provide you with assistance.

Receiving a Folder

Intervention Focus

Academic Focus

Reading Components

Math Domains

Written Expression Guide

Suggested steps for discussing school data

Suggested steps for discussing individual classroom data

Atlas: Looking at Data

Sample adjustments

Comprehensive Assessment Plan

Multi-Tiered Assessment Model

The following PDFs can be used to help you narrow down the immediate need or area of concern and writing a goal:
Guiding Questions for Defining Skill Area and Writing Goal

Gap Analysis Worksheet
Use this worksheet for a skill that is significantly
off grade level to where there are no norms to determine goal.

The following is a list of resources for learning more about struggling learners, and best practices.

Getting to Got It
Betty Garner
Focuses on why students struggle and what teachers can do to help them become self-directed learners. Difficulty reading, remembering, paying attention, or following directions are not the reasons students fail but symptoms of the true problem: underdeveloped cognitive structures - the mental processes necessary to connect new information with prior knowledge; organize information into patterns and relationships; formulate rules that make information processing automatic, fast, and predictable; and abstract generalizable principles that allow them to transfer and apply learning.

How to Give Effective Feedback to your Students
Author: Susan Brookhart
The book describes important elements of feedback content (focus, comparison, function, valence, clarity, specificity, and tone) and strategy (timing, amount, mode, and audience). Suggestions and classroom examples that demonstrate what to do - and not do - to have a positive impact on students. In addition to general guidelines for good feedback, readers will learn what kinds of feedback work best in the various content areas and how to adjust feedback for different kinds of learners, including successful students, struggling students, and English language learners.

The Special Education Consultant Teacher
Author: Edward Burns
Although the book is not updated with the most recent guidelines, it is an excellent resource to use when thinking about serving EC students in the regular classroom. The focus is to serve as a guide to assist with participation of EC students in the regular classroom. The book provides many excellent suggestions, as well as helps you think about best practice to help EC students be successful.

Brain Compatible Classrooms
Author: Robin Fogarty
Brain-Compatible Classrooms is based on four principles - setting the climate for thinking, teaching the skills of thinking, structuring the interaction with thinking, and thinking about thinking. This four-corner framework provides insight for linking brain research with Howard Gardner's multiple intelligences theory, Daniel Goleman's emotional intelligence theory, direct instruction of skills, graphic organizers, reflection, transfer, assessment, and other interactive brain-compatible strategies for the classroom.

How to Teach so Students Remember
Author: Marilee Sprenger
This book offers seven steps to increase your student's capacity to receive information in immediate memory, act on it in working memory, store it in long-term memory, and retrieve and manipulate it in unanticipated situations - that is, to use what they've learned when they need it.

Test Talk: Integrating Test Preparation into Reading Workshop
Authors: Amy H. Greene & Glennon Doyle Melton
This book shows that teachers don't have to choose between best-practice teaching and test preparation; effective test-taking strategies can be integrated into authentic reading instruction. The authors demonstrate how to improve performance on tests without resorting to "teaching to the test," mnemonic devises, or other gimmicks. Instead, they focus on encouraging student readers to examine tests as a specific genre containing unique language, format, and cures.

Why Didn't I Learn This in College
Author: Paula Rutherford
This book will provide you with ideas, tips, tools, and activities to implement in your own classroom.

Inspiring Active Learning
Authors: Merrill Harmin & Melanie Toth
This book shows how to transform classrooms into communities of active, responsible learners. The authors present an array of research-based, teacher-tested strategies for managing everyday responsibilities - from beginning a class to grading homework, from instructing large groups to promoting diligent seatwork, from motivating slackers to handling disrupters. These strategies focus on mutual respect, collaboration, commitment to learning, and the dignity of all.

I Can Learn! Strategies and Activities for Gray-Area Children
Author: Gretchen Goodman
This book includes easy-to-implement, teacher-tested ideas for adapting math, reading, writing, handwriting, and spelling activities to fit students' learning needs. Behavior management strategies and general classroom adaptations are also provided.

More I can Learn! Strategies and Activities for Gray-Area Children
Author: Gretchen Goodman
This book helps teachers integrate adaptations for struggling learners so these children can experience success along with the other children in their classroom. In fact, no activity in this book is only for gray-area children. Teachers can use these meaningful hands-on experiences to help all students reach their full learning potential.

Teaching Tools for the 21st Century
Author: Carolyn Coil
Teaching Tools includes practical planning formats for lessons and units, a multitude of ideas for differentiation and assessment, and valuable information about No Child Left Behind. The information and strategies presented and discussed correlate with the five core propositions that the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards has deemed reflect the standards of excellence in teaching.

The following is a list of resources to learn more about differentiation, as well as strategies and tools.


Literacy Work stations: Making Centers Work
Author: Debbie Diller
The book offers suggestions for over a dozen literacy work stations that link to instruction and make preparation and management easy for teachers. Learn how to set up work stations, how to manage them, and how to keep them going throughout the year.

Standards-Based Activities and Assessments for the Differentiated Classroom:
Author: Carolyn Coil
Provides activities that are integrated across the curriculum. Many of them are interdisciplinary. Most require reading, writing, gathering information, organizing and /or research skills. Therefore, many of the activities may address the standards in other areas.

Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom
Author: Carol Ann Tomlinson
Reviews responsive teaching principles to examine how successful teachers handle the three interdependent elements of the differentiated classroom: needs of students, response of teachers, and use of curriculum and instruction to address learner needs.

Differentiated Instructional Strategies
Author: Gayle Gregory & Carolyn Chapman
Presents the practical techniques and processes that teachers can use to adjust learning based on individual students' knowledge, skills, experience, preferences, and needs.

Differentiated Instruction for Science
Author: Dawn Hudson
The book is arranged based on science subjects being taught throughout the nation. This includes the traditional, separated science subject areas such as life science or biology (including environmental science), physical science (or chemistry and physics), and earth science. The arrangement within this book will allow teachers to easily choose activities and labs that not only fit with their standards, but also exemplify differentiated science instruction.

How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed -Ability Classrooms
Author: Carol Ann Tominson
Tomlinson shows how to use students' readiness levels, interests, and learning profiles to address student diversity. In addition, the author shows teachers how to differentiate, or structure, lessons at every grade level and content area to provide "scaffolds" - as well as high-speed elevators - for the content of lessons, processes used in learning, and products of learning.

Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum: Authors: Carol Ann Tomlinson, Cindy Strickland, and Caroline Cunningham Eidson
Provides samples of differentiated units that highlight underlying standards, delineates learning goals, and takes you step by step through the instructional process. The unit developers provide running commentary on their use of flexible grouping and pacing, tiered assignments and assessments, learning contracts, and numerous other strategies.
There are three books: One for Grades 9-12, One for Grades 5-9, and one for Grades K-5.

Differentiation in Action
Author: Judith Dodge
A Resource with research-supported strategies to help you plan and organize differentiated instruction and achieve success with all learnings. The book focuses on grades 4 & up.

Differentiated Instruction
Author: Patti Drapeau
A practical guide to planning, managing, and implementing differentiated instruction to meet the needs of all learners. Discusses how to:
  • Accommodate various learning styles
  • Create tiered lessons
  • Provide student choice
  • Enrich content with global themes
  • Accelerate curriculum
  • Activate higher-level thinking skills
  • Design differentiated learning centers

Differentiating Instruction in Kindergarten
Author: Cindy Middendorf
Discusses creating a nurturing, choice-based environment that focuses on the developing learner. The book also provides research-based tips, model lessons, and student samples for meeting kindergarten standards in ways that engage a wide range of students.

Styles and Strategies for Teaching High School Mathematics
Authors: Harvey F. Silver & Richard W. Strong
With 27 research-based, classroom-tested instructional strategies; a sensible plan for learning-style based differentiation; and dozens of ready-to-use reproducible lessons. Styles and Strategies for Teaching High School Mathematics will show you how to build the 21st-Century math classroom.

Foreign Language, Teacher's Guide to Active Learning
Author: Deborah Blaz
The easy-to-implement activities and strategies in this book will help middle & high school teachers enhance their student's success. It shows how to create a classroom in which students can actively experience and discover a foreign language. It applies brain research, multiple intelligences, alternative assessment, technology and other educational innovations to the foreign language classroom. This book is good for any teacher, not just foreign language teachers,

Time for Literacy Centers: How to Organize and Differentiate Instruction
Author: Gretchen Owocki
Owocki has thought of everything you need to know to make learning centers happen, from planning to assessment to ensuring that they help all students meet content and skills standards. Grounded in solid research, yet lively and practical enough to keep on the corner of your desk, Time for Literacy Centers offers explicit, helpful advice on teaching with literacy centers.

Differentiating Instruction in a Whole-Group Setting
Author: Betty Hollas
This book shows you how you can ease your way into differentiation without giving up on the setting in which you're most comfortable: the whole group.

Applying Differentiation Strateiges
Author: Shell Education
There is a 3-ring notebook for grades K-2, 3-5, and secondary. The notebooks provide the following information:
  • The Need to Differentiate
  • Basics of Differentiation
  • Summary of Strategies
  • Classroom-Management Strategies
  • Sample Lessons
There are copies located at all elementary and middle schools in the school's professional library.

Demystifying Differentiation in Middle School
Authors: Caroline Eidson, Bob Iseminger, and Chris Taibbi
This book is for teachers and administrators who are ready to take differentiation to the next level in their classrooms and schools, who believe that differentiation works, and who are looking for more examples of it,

Tiered Activities for Learning Centers
Author: Daren Meador
Learning centers can be an integral part of instruction, a way to provide enrichment in the classroom, or a learning place where students go after completing or compacting out of their other work. You may use one tier of a center or use multiple tiers within the same classroom. Tiered Activities for Learning Centers provides tiering suggestions for personalizing the centers for older or more able students and younger or less able students.